In a NewVistas, energy, waste and water, are all in large part handled on the village level (~150-250 Residents) with direct engagement from residents. The goal of more direct governance in these areas is to encourage residents to recognize the impact of their use of resources, maximize their return on that use, and use community systems to limit and allocate their use. A NewVistas would provide general guidelines for such use, determine what infrastructure is available, and may prohibit certain acts relating to energy water or waste. Otherwise, each village is largely in charge of ensuring needs are addressed, and properly allocating costs.

The energy policy for any model NewVistas community would likely prohibit all carbon emissions, and strive to eliminate energy which causes environmental harm in its acquisition or use. Capturing the full potential of any energy source would be incentivized through affordable polygeneration devices which are scalable, and tailored for NewVistas use. A NewVistas also manages water with great care and uses water from all sources (e.g., greywater) wherever it can be used safely. Food waste, human waste, and other byproducts of life, are fully leveraged for their value. All residents have the option of making use of health monitoring technology which is integrated into the infrastructure and allows for rapid analysis of bio-waste and tracking of other critical health metrics. Methane production is incorporated into the waste process in every part of the community. Even smells affecting the enjoyment of others are eliminated through technology and through zoning policy restricting such emissions.

While maintaining the privacy wishes of each resident, all inputs and outputs from every home and business are tracked to some degree to ensure use is economically allocated. This is to help the user and community continually become more efficient and productive, limit adverse effects to others, and promote using resources to their fullest.
Purposes and Targets

Low Impact Prosperity

In developing the policy for energy, water or waste in a model NewVistas, the overarching goal is to provide citizens with all the resources they reasonably require for their daily goals, while minimizing or eliminating any adverse social, environmental, or economic impacts. Some specific key goals for each area include: 

1. Energy. Drastically decrease our consumption while increasing the efficiency of generation and while reducing adverse effects on the environment.

2. Water. Maximize use of rainwater, eliminate opportunities for waste from infrastructure, and increase costs for more excessive or unreasonable uses.

3. Waste. Capture every bit of methane, and any other useful output from waste, including information about its contents. 
Energy

A Conserve and Capture Solution

If the NewVistas model were implemented today in North America, it would likely make significant use of locally sourced natural gas. This is based on the assumption that it will be feasible to eliminate emissions and contamination risks at all points in the natural gas supply chain, and at levels that give deposits a chance to reform. This is feasible in a NewVistas given the level of conservation (1/10th current energy use) the model enables. 

Intermittent renewable sources, such as solar, hydro and wind, may make sense for the energy profile of some existing communities.  But these are unlikely to be a competitive option for any NewVistas, which can justify the expense of safe localized extraction equipment for the fifteen to twenty thousand community members. 

Alternative sources need to be considered in locations that ban natural gas extraction, locations that allow multiple extraction points in a small region, or in locations that allow excessive extraction. Such locations may be inherently unsustainable, especially if energy needs go up more than anticipated, or the cost of renewable technology increases due to shortages of green tech materials. Where lower impact fossil fuel usage is feasible, use of traditional renewables should be limited. Some materials to produce renewable technology should be limited in case fossil fuels sources become compromised, and for when renewable technology is more advanced.